General Major Group
General Major Group

General Major Group (11)

Tuesday, 14 September 2010 16:05

Workers and Trade Unions

Written by Tom Harrisson

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Agenda 21: Chapter 29 – Strengthening the role of workers and their trade unions

29.1. Efforts to implement sustainable development will involve adjustments and opportunities at the national and enterprise levels, with workers foremost among those concerned. As their representatives, trade unions are vital actors in facilitating the achievement of sustainable development in view of their experience in addressing industrial change, the extremely high priority they give to protection of the working environment and the related natural environment, and their promotion of socially responsible economic development. The existing network of collaboration among trade unions and their extensive membership provide important channels through which the concepts and practices of sustainable development can be supported. The established principles of tripartism provide a basis for strengthened collaboration between workers and their representatives, as well as Governments and employers, with regards to the implementation of sustainable development.

To continue reading this chapter from Agenda 21 click here.

Tuesday, 14 September 2010 14:09

Science and Technology Community

Written by Tom Harrisson

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Agenda 21: Chapter 31 – Involvement of scientific and technological community

31.1. The present chapter focuses on how to enable the scientific and technological community - which includes, among others, engineers, architects, industrial designers, urban planners and other professionals and policy makers - to make a more open and effective contribution to the decision-making processes concerning environment and development. It is important that the role of science and technology in human affairs be more widely known and better understood, both by decision makers who help determine public policy and by the general public. The cooperative relationship existing between the scientific and technological community and the general public should be extended and deepened into a full partnership. Improved communication and cooperation between the scientific and technological community and decision makers will facilitate greater use of scientific and technical information and knowledge in policies and programme implementation. Decision makers should create more favourable conditions for improving training and independent research in sustainable development. Existing multidisciplinary approaches will have to be strengthened, seeing more interdisciplinary studies developed between the scientific and technological community and policy makers, as well as with the general public also, in order to provide the required leadership and practical know-how to the concept of sustainable development. The public should be assisted in communicating their sentiments to the scientific and technological community concerning how science and technology might be better managed to affect their lives in a beneficial way. By the same token, the independence of the scientific and technological community to investigate and publish without restriction and to exchange their findings freely must be assured. The adoption and implementation of ethical principles and codes of practice for the scientific and technological community that are internationally accepted could enhance professionalism. Furthermor this may also improve and hasten recognition of the value of its contributions to environment and development, emphasizing the continuing evolution and uncertainty of scientific knowledge.

To continue reading this chapter from Agenda 21 click here.

Tuesday, 14 September 2010 14:02

NGOs

Written by Tom Harrisson

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Agenda 21: Chapter 27 – Non-Governmental organisations as partners for sustainable development

27.1. Non-governmental organizations play a vital role in the shaping and implementation of participatory democracy. Their credibility lies in the responsible and constructive role they play in society. Formal and informal organizations, as well as grass-roots movements, should be recognized as partners in the implementation of Agenda 21. The nature of the independent role played by non-governmental organizations within a society calls for real participation; therefore, autonomy is a major attribute of non-governmental organizations and is the precondition of real participation.

To continue reading this chapter from Agenda 21 click here.

Tuesday, 14 September 2010 13:53

Local Authorities

Written by Tom Harrisson

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Agenda 21: Chapter 28 - Local Authorities' Initiatives in Support of Agenda 21

28.1. Because so many of the problems and solutions being addressed by Agenda 21 have their roots in local activities, the participation and cooperation of local authorities will be a determining factor in fulfilling its objectives. Local authorities construct, operate and maintain economic, social and environmental infrastructure, oversee planning processes, establish local environmental policies and regulations, and assist in implementing national and subnational environmental policies. As the level of governance closest to the people, they play a vital role in educating, mobilizing and responding to the public to promote sustainable development.

To continue reading this chapter from Agenda 21 click here.

Tuesday, 14 September 2010 13:43

Indigenous Peoples

Written by Tom Harrisson

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Agenda 21: Chapter 26 – Recognising and strengthening the Role of Indigenous People and Their Communities

26.1. Indigenous people and their communities have a historical relationship with their lands and are generally descendants of its original inhabitants. In the context of this chapter the term "lands" is understood to include the environment of the areas which the people concerned traditionally occupy. Indigenous people and their communities represent a significant percentage of the global population. They have developed over many generations a holistic traditional scientific knowledge of their lands, natural resources and environment. Indigenous people and their communities shall enjoy the full measure of human rights and fundamental freedoms without hindrance or discrimination. Their ability to participate fully in sustainable development practices on their lands has tended to be limited as a result of factors of an economic, social and historical nature. In view of the interrelationship between the natural environment and its sustainable development, and the cultural, social, economic and physical well-being of indigenous people, national and international efforts to implement environmentally sound and sustainable development should recognize, accommodate, promote and strengthen the role of indigenous people and their communities.

To continue reading this chapter from Agenda 21 click here.

Tuesday, 14 September 2010 13:40

Farmers

Written by Tom Harrisson

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Agenda 21: Chapter 32 – Strengthening the role of farmers

32.1. Agriculture occupies one third of the land surface of the Earth, and is the central activity for much of the world's population. Rural activities take place in close contact with nature, adding value to it by producing renewable resources, while at the same time becoming vulnerable to overexploitation and improper management.

Tuesday, 14 September 2010 12:41

Children and Youth

Written by Tom Harrisson

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Agenda 21: Chapter 25 – Advancing the role of youth in the protection of the environment and the promotion of economic and social development

25.1. Youth comprise nearly 30 per cent of the world's population. The involvement of today's youth in environment and development decision-making and in the implementation of programmes is critical to the long-term success of Agenda 21.

To continue reading this chapter from Agenda 21 click here.

Tuesday, 14 September 2010 12:07

Business and Industry

Written by Tom Harrisson

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Agenda 21: Chapter 30 - Strengthening the role of business and Industry in sustainable development

30.1. Business and industry, including transnational corporations, play a crucial role in the social and economic development of a country. A stable policy regime enables and encourages business and industry to operate responsibly and efficiently and to implement longer-term policies. Increasing prosperity, a major goal of the development process, is contributed primarily by the activities of business and industry. Business enterprises, large and small, formal and informal, provide major trading, employment and livelihood opportunities. Business opportunities available to women are contributing towards their professional development, strengthening their economic role and transforming social systems. Business and industry, including transnational corporations, and their representative organizations should be full participants in the implementation and evaluation of activities related to Agenda 21.

To continue reading this chapter from Agenda 21 click here.

Tuesday, 14 September 2010 11:06

Women

Written by Tom Harrisson

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Agenda 21: Chapter 24 – Global action for women towards sustainable and equitable development

24.1. The international community has endorsed several plans of action and conventions for the full, equal and beneficial integration of women in all development activities, in particular the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women, which emphasize women's participation in national and international ecosystem management and control of environment degradation. Several conventions, including the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (General Assembly resolution 34/180, annex) and conventions of ILO and UNESCO have also been adopted to end gender-based discrimination and ensure women access to land and other resources, education and safe and equal employment. Also relevant are the 1990 World Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of Children and the Plan of Action for implementing the Declaration (A/45/625, annex). Effective implementation of these programmes will depend on the active involvement of women in economic and political decision-making and will be critical to the successful implementation of Agenda 21.

To continue reading this chapter from Agenda 21 click here.

Tuesday, 14 September 2010 10:50

Major Group Organising Partners

Written by Tom Harrisson

The Organising Partners system allows the UN Commission for Sustainable Development (CSD) to consult with major groups in a timely fashion during preparatory phases and to organise multi-stakeholder participation.

The organisations serving as Organising Partners coordinate engagement, and provide guidance and expertise in developing policy positions that represent the Major Groups' constituencies relevant to the agenda points of the CSD programme of work. Major groups participate in interactive dialogues, develop coordinated statements for each Major Group sector, and lobby for particular initiatives that they feel should be supported. They also contribute significantly to partnerships for sustainable development.

In the build up to Rio+20, the Organising Partners will play a lead role facilitating the participation of representatives of their respective sectors, in order to feed their policy positions into the preparatory process. Contact details for all Organising Partners for Major Group representatives are below.